Mahatma Gandhi – The Great Indian Leader, Biography, Family, Net Worth

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was a prominent figure in the Indian independence movement against British rule. Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, a coastal town in Gujarat, India, Gandhi’s leadership and philosophy of nonviolent resistance have left an indelible mark on the world. A lawyer by profession, Gandhi became the face of India’s struggle for independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the globe.

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Personal Information

Full Name Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Nick Name / Stage Name Mahatma Gandhi
Born October 2, 1869, Porbandar, British India
Died January 30, 1948, New Delhi, India
Age 78
Gender Male
Zodiac Sign Libra
Hometown Porbandar, Gujarat, India
Nationality Indian
Years Active Late 19th century – mid 20th century
Marital Status Married
Husband/Wife Kasturba Gandhi
Children 4 Sons, Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, Devdas
Political Affiliation Indian National Congress, Independent Activist
Alma Mater University College London, Inner Temple
Profession Lawyer, Activist, Writer
Net Worth (approx.) N/A
Debut South Africa (1893)
School Alfred High School, Rajkot
College Samaldas College, Bhavnagar, University College London
Education Qualification / Degree Barrister-at-Law
Hobbies/Habits/Interests Simple Living, Fasting, Spinning Wheel
Favorite Clothing Brands Khadi
Favorite Gadgets None
Food Habit Vegetarian
Awards Not Applicable
Notable Works Civil Disobedience Movement, Dandi Salt March, Champaran Satyagraha
Website N/A

Early Career

Mahatma Gandhi’s early career began as a lawyer in South Africa, where he migrated in 1893. During his time in South Africa, Gandhi witnessed and experienced racial discrimination, which shaped his ideology and resistance against injustice. He engaged in political activism and became a leader in the Indian community in South Africa, campaigning for their civil rights.


Gandhi’s educational journey took him to prestigious institutions both in England and India. He studied law at University College London and was called to the bar at the Inner Temple. Gandhi’s academic years were marked by his exceptional performance and a keen interest in philosophy and religion, which would later influence his approach to activism.


Mahatma Gandhi’s career as an activist began in South Africa, where he organized campaigns against discriminatory legislation targeting the Indian community. Upon his return to India in 1915, Gandhi became involved in the country’s independence movement. He advocated for nonviolent civil disobedience and launched several campaigns against British rule.

Year Position Achievement
1919 Satyagraha Movement Leader Launched All-India Hartal in Response to Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
1930 Indian National Congress Leader Led Dandi Salt March, a Milestone in the Civil Disobedience Movement
1942 Quit India Movement Leader Called for British Withdrawal from India, Significantly Hastening Independence

Contributions and Impact

Mahatma Gandhi made immense contributions to the fields of politics, philosophy, and civil rights. His development of Satyagraha, a form of nonviolent resistance, shaped numerous freedom movements around the world, including the American civil rights movement led by Martin Luther King Jr.

  • Satyagraha Movement
  • Introduced the concept of nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience.
  • Inspired movements for civil rights and freedom in various countries, including the United States and South Africa.

  • Indian Independence Movement

  • Provided dynamic leadership to the Indian National Congress and the broader independence movement.
  • His call for religious tolerance and unity shaped the secular fabric of independent India.

  • Civil Rights

  • Advocated for the rights of the untouchables and worked towards their emancipation.
  • Strove to empower women and promoted gender equality through his actions and writings.

Awards and Honors

Mahatma Gandhi was not driven by awards or honors, but he was widely recognized for his visionary leadership and commitment to nonviolence. Notably, he was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize five times between 1937 and 1948, though he never won the award.

Year Award/Honor Description
1930 Time 100: Most Important People of the 20th Century Named as one of the most influential figures of the century.
2007 United Nations General Assembly Resolution Established International Day of Non-Violence on Gandhi’s birthday.

Personal Life

Despite his monumental role in the independence movement, Mahatma Gandhi maintained a simple and humble personal life. He lived a frugal existence and emphasized the importance of self-discipline and moral living. His personal life was closely intertwined with his political and social endeavors, and he drew strength from his family, particularly his wife, Kasturba Gandhi.

Personal Traits

Trait Description
Personality Principled, Compassionate, Self-Disciplined
Interests Philosophy, Religion, Community Service
Hobbies Spinning Cotton, Fasting, Simple Living
Passions Social Reform, Interfaith Harmony, Education
Values Truth, Nonviolence, Simplicity, Humility
Quirks Fasted Regularly, Practiced Silence
Fun Facts Symbol of Nationalism, His Birthday Celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti in India

Height, Weight, Body Measurements

Height 5 feet 5 inches
Weight 110 pounds
Body Measurements N/A
Eye Color Dark Brown
Hair Color Black
Chest Size N/A
Waist Size N/A
Biceps Size N/A
Height in Centimeters 165 cm
Height in Meters 1.65 m
Height in Feet Inches 5’5″

Scientific or Professional Career

As a lawyer by profession, Mahatma Gandhi had a distinguished legal career, but it is his role as a political and social leader for which he is best remembered. His expertise in nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience became the cornerstone of his professional life, influencing generations of activists and policymakers.

Fields of Expertise Law, Political Activism, Philosophy
Institutions N/A
Contributions Development of Satyagraha, Application of Nonviolent Resistance in Political Movements, Philosophical Writings on Truth and Morality.


Mahatma Gandhi’s legacy is immeasurable. He is revered as the “Father of the Nation” in India, with his birthday, October 2nd, celebrated as a national holiday. His philosophy of nonviolence continues to inspire movements for peace and civil rights around the world. Gandhi’s influence is not confined to any one field; he has left an indelible mark on politics, ethics, and education.


In conclusion, Mahatma Gandhi’s life story is one of tremendous courage, conviction, and compassion. His ability to mobilize masses through peaceful means transformed the landscape of political activism. Gandhi’s unwavering commitment to truth and nonviolence serves as a guiding light for current and future generations.

The words of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, aptly summarize Gandhi’s influence: “The light has gone out of our lives and there is darkness everywhere.”

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